The Rising Rate of Colorectal Cancer in Younger Adults

In 2003, there was a notable rise of colorectal cancer among adults under 50 years of age. The increase of younger adults with colorectal cancer has recently received much attention. Studies have indicated that this is due to a change in lifestyle. Studies in high-income nations suggest that the cases are rising faster than in low-income countries. Here are the causes of increased colorectal cancer in younger adults;

  • Genetic diseases – Some genetic diseases cause genetic mutations. The mutations cover the inner lining of the colon, thus increasing the risk of developing colorectal cancer.
  • Diet – Low fiber diet that is rich in animal proteins and red meat can cause a rise in colorectal cancer risk. Eating foods rich in fruits, vegetables, and high grain fiber will reduce your chances of a colon cancer diagnosis. Too much alcohol intake could also be a risk factor for colorectal cancer.
  • Smoking – Cigarettes are mostly associated with lung cancer. Studies have indicated that smoking cigarettes can lead to other types of cancer. It shows that those who have smoked for more years have a higher risk of developing colon cancer than non-smokers.
  • Obesity – Obesity is a medical condition whereby a person carries excess body fat that can cause health complications. Excess body fat at a younger age is often associated with colorectal cancer. Preventing obesity in younger adults will reduce the risks associated with colon cancer. You should exercise often through walking, running, jogging, swimming, dancing and more.
  • Ulcerative colitis – It is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes sores in the innermost lining of the colon and rectum. Patients with the condition are at high risk of a diagnosis of colorectal cancer. These patients should go for frequent colorectal cancer screenings.

People of younger ages that experience the above factors more often need medical institutions to lower their screening age to accommodate those that fall into this higher risk category.

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