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Breast Cancer Surgery: What You Should Know

When a physician discovers a lump during breast biopsy, he/she may recommend breast cancer surgery. Patients can have numerous questions about the procedure and other available treatment options.

Breast cancer comprises one or more of the procedures listed below:

  1. Mastectomy – Removal of breast tissue
  2. Lumpectomy – Getting rid of cancerous cells and surrounding tissues
  3. Double mastectomy – Removal of the two breast tissues
  4. Partial mastectomy – cutting out cancerous mass and a section of the breast

The type of treatment selected depends on personal preference, the stage of cancer, type of cancer, patient’s personal preferences, and existing health conditions.

Why you Need Breast Cancer Surgery

Breast cancer surgery targets to eliminate cancerous cells from the breast tissue. The procedure aims at removing tissues that could become cancerous if they come in contact with cancerous cells.

After the procedure, surgeons may install breast implants based on the type of surgery performed. Some patients prefer their living tissue to replace the tissue removed during the process.

If you undergo a lumpectomy, you will usually go home the same day. However, if you go through breast reconstruction or mastectomy, you will most likely spend the night at the hospital.

After the treatment, the care team will monitor your blood pressure, and you will be given the appropriate medications.  The physician may recommend additional treatment depending on the stage of your cancer. Some treatments include radiation, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, etc.

A cancer surgeon understands the best treatment for your cancer, but you also need to understand the treatment plan. If you have a better understanding of the treatment and procedure, it will help you manage your recovery. 

Ask the surgeon why he/she thinks the treatment plan is the best for your case. Find out the best reconstruction that is recommended and why he/she recommends it. Also, find out how long the recovery will take and what you need to do to help with your healing process.

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